Child Psychiatric Services
"Mental Health Disorders are the most common diseases of childhood."
Of the 74.5 million children in the United States, and estimated 17.1 million have or have had a psychiatric disorder - more than the number of children with cancer, diabetes, and AIDS combined. Half of all psychiatric illnesses occurs before the age of 14 and 75% by the age of 24. Children and adolescents with psychiatric illness are at risk for academic failure, substance abuse, and a clash with the juvenile justice system- all of which come at a tremendous cost to them, their families and the communities.
The most common psychiatric disorders in childhood are as listed- 1) Anxiety Disorders, 2) ADHD and Disruptive Behavior, 3) Depression and Bipolar Disorders and 4) Eating Disorders
Age of onset of types of disorders in children
AGE 6--- median age of onset ANXIETY DISORDERS
AGE 11 -- median age of onset ADHD and BEHAVIOR DISORDERS
AGE 13 -- median age of onset MOOD DISORDERS
AGE 15 -- median age of onset SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Young people who don't receive treatment for mental illness are at higher risk for incarceration as adults--- More than half of inmates in the correctional system have a mental health problem. (A mental health problem defined either by having a history in the year before incarceration of being diagnosed, hospitalized or treated for a mental health disorder or by meeting DSM4 criteria for a disorder on a diagnostic interview.)
-Child Mind Institute
7 Myths About Child Mental Health
1.) A child with a psychiatric disorder is damaged for life.
A psychiatric disorder is by no means an indication of a child's potential for future happiness and fufillment. The most important thing to remember here is that early intervention can be very effective at preventing chronic, debilitating conditions. If parents and teachers recongnize the early signs of a psychiatric disorder- whether it's ADHD, depression or anxiety- and get a child treatment, she has a much better chance of eliminating or effectively managing, symptoms that would otherwise interfere with relationships and her ability to succeed at school or work.
2.) Psychiatric problems result from personal weakness.
It can be difficult to separate the symptoms of a child's psychiatric disorder- impulsive behavior, aggressiveness, or extreme shyness, for example- from a child's character. But a psychiatric disorder is an illness, just like diabetes or leukemia is not a personality type. By way of example, girls with anorexia are often blamed for starving themselves, buth the obsessive fears and distorted body image that drive their behavior have genetic and biological basis. We can't expect children and teens to have the tools to overcome anorexia (or any other psychiatric disorder) on their own, but they absolutely can recover with the help of their parents, clinicians and a carefully individualized treatment plan.
3.) Psychiatric disorders result from bad parenting.
While a child's home environment and relationships with his parents can exacerbate a psychiatric disorder, these things don't cause the disorder. Anxiety, depression and learning disorders-indeed, the full range of psychiatric disorders often have biological causes. Parenting isn't to blame. But parents play a central role in a child's recovery. They provide support and care that is crucial to their child's treatment plan and future development.
4.) A child can manage a psychiatric disorder through willpower.
The key word here is disorder. A disorder is not mild anxiety or a dip in mood. It is severe distress and dysfunction that can affect all areas of a child's life. A heartbreaking number of parents resist mental health services for their children because they fear the stigma attached to diagnosis or see psychiatrists as pill pushers. This is incredibly sad because kids don't have the skills and life experience to manage conditions as overwhelming as depression, anxiety or ADHD. They can benefit profoundly from the right treatment plan, which usually includes a type of behavioral therapy, and have their health and happiness restored.
5.) Therapy for kids is a waste of time.
Treatment for child psychiatric disorders isn't old-fashioned talk therapy. Today's best evidence-based treatment programs for children and teens use a cognitive-behavioral therapy model that focuses them on changing thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are causing them serious problems. This is a solution-driven therapy, and its a key component of some of the most exciting and innovative new treatment plans for kids. Research has shown that there's a "window of opportunity"- the first few years during which symptoms of psychiatric disorders appear- when treatment interventions are most sucessful. This means that early identification followed by theraputeutic intervention can give kids the tools they need to decrease, or effectively manage, their symptoms before they experience the stigma and negative effects of a fully developed psychiatric disorder.
6.) Children are overmedicated.
Since so many public voices (many without authority or clinical experience) have questioned or decried the use of medications in the treatment of childhood psychiatric disorders, many people believe that psychiatrist simply prescribe medication to every child they see. The truth, however, is that good psychiatrists use enormous care when deciding whether and how to start a child on a treatment plan that includes medications- usually along with behavioral therapy. Medication is not the norm. Approximately 20 percent of children and teens in America have psychiatric issues at any one time; only 5 percent of them take medication. We never doubt whether a child with diabetes or a seizure disorder should get medication; we should take psychiatric illness just as seriously. The larger problem is that millions of children who suffer from serious psychiatric problems never recieve any help.
7.) Children grow out of mental health problems.
Children are less likely to "grow out" of psychiatric disorders than they are to "grow into" more debilitating conditions. Most mental health problems left untreated in childhood become more difficult to treat in adulthood. Since we know that most psychiatric disorders emerge before a child's 14th birthday, we should have huge incentive to screen young people for emotional and behavior problems. We can coordinate interventions while a child's brain is most responsive to change and treatment is more likely to be successful. Left untreated, disorders often lead to substance abuse, difficulties with relationships and work, and brushes with the law.