Is your family is on the right vaccination track. Immunizations are an important part
of a healthy life? If you have any questions that you would like answered concerning vaccinations or scheduling an appointment, you can visit us at the Wabash County
Health Department, 130 W. 7th Street, Mt. Carmel, IL 62863
or call and schedule your appointment today at
Vaccine Preventable Diseases
*Chickenpox-"Before the vaccine the U.S. reported, 4 million cases a year, 11,000 hospitalizations and 100 deaths"
*Diphtheria-"Serious bacterial disease that causes heart and nerve problems, without treatment 40 to 50% of people will die, with the highest death rates of those being children under 5 and adults over 40."
*Hib-"Prior to the vaccine, HIB killed about 1,000 children in the U.S each year. Most common type of Hib infections are meningitis (infection of the covering of and spinal cord), pneumonia (lung infection), the brain bacteria (bloodstream infection), and epiglottitis (nose and throat swelling)".
*Hepatitis A-"A disease of the liver caused by the HepA virus. Can be contracted with contact with an infected person or object that an infected person has touched with fecal bacterial if they hadn't washed their hands properly. Approximately 1 in 5 with
HepA will have to be hospitalized".
*Hepatitis B-" A serious liver infection, which can lead to liver cancer, failure or cirrhosis. HepB is most serious when passed from mother to newborn during childbirth. Newborns have a 90% chance of developing a lifelong infection."
*HPV-"79 million Americans are currently infected with HPV and 14 million people will become newly infected with the disease each year. HPV
is contracted through sexual contact, the vaccine is recommended for both boys and girls. The vaccine is most
beneficial before any sexual activity.'
*Flu-" "Seasonal influenza (Flu) is caused by viruses die-"More than 20,000 children under 5 are hospitalized each year, 100 which infect the
respiratory tract (the nose, throat, and lungs). It is not the same as the common cold or stomach "flu" viruses that cause
diarrhea and vomiting."
*Measles-"1 in 5 who develop measles require hospitalization from complications" "Recently, measles has re-emerged as a threat in the
United States, despite being eliminated in 2000. Outbreaks across the country have put children at risk.".
*Meningococcal Disease-"Approximately 1 out of 10 with this disease will die" " Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial
illness and the leading cause of meningitis in children ages 2 to 18."
*Mumps-" Spread from person to person from sneezing, coughing and close contact" "Most children infected with the mumps virus have no
signs or symptoms or very mild ones. When symptoms do develop, it can be up to three weeks after exposure."
*Pertussis-"Highly contagious, those younger than 1 is the most at risk for death" "Symptoms take 1 to 3 weeks to appear. In many children,
it is marked by severe hacking cough, followed by, a high-pitched intake of breath that sounds like a "whoop".
*Pneumococcal-"Spread through sneezing and coughing, serious infections most commonly found in infants, toddlers and elderly" "Meningitis is the most severe invasive type of pneumococcal disease. Of children under 5 who get pneumococcal meningitis,
about 1 out of 10 dies and others may have long-term problems, such as hearing loss and developmental delays."
*Polio-"Potentially crippling and deadly disease spread from person to person that can invade the brain and/or spinal cord resulting in
paralysis" "Before the Polio vaccination became available, Polio outbreaks caused more than 15,000 cases of paralysis each year."
*Rotavirus-"causes inflammation of the stomach and intestines, resulting dehydration can cause serious complications." "Symptoms
of Rotavirus include vomiting, severe watery diarrhea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, and the worst of which, dehydration."
*Rubella-"Can be very dangerous for pregnant women, miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth, and/or birth defects such as heart problems, hearing and vision loss"
*Tetanus-Commonly referred to as "lockjaw", there is no cure and can be transmitted through contact with contaminated soil, dirt/dust, and
manure" "The bacteria enter the body through any break in the skin, such as a cut or puncture wound."